ORLANDO, Fla. – After 47 days in the field, 227 threatened gopher tortoises have been spared an inhumane death and 28 gopher tortoise eggs have been saved from a development site in Apopka, Fla. The Humane Society of the United States, Nokuse Plantation, D.R. Horton and Bio-Tech Consulting teamed up to rescue the tortoises and eggs from the Rock Springs Ridge subdivision before relocating them to a permanent home at Nokuse Plantation, a nature preserve in Walton County. The eggs started hatching on September 6, 2013.

Dave Pauli, senior director of The HSUS’s Wildlife Innovations and Response Team, said, “We applaud D.R. Horton and Bio-Tech Consulting for acting to save the tortoises who were living on this site, and we hope other developers will follow their positive lead. The gopher tortoise is a threatened species, and this is a victory for the species and for the humane treatment of all wild animals threatened by urban development.”

Florida did not require relocation or removal of gopher tortoises prior to construction until 2007 when the state listed the gopher tortoise as a threatened species. Since 1991, the state’s Incidental Take permit program allowed the destruction of an estimated 100,000 imperiled gopher tortoises. The tortoises were often buried alive, causing slow and inhumane deaths for the animals.

Although developers with grandfathered Incidental Take permits are not required to relocate tortoises by law, D.R Horton and Orlando-based Bio-Tech Consulting took steps to ensure the safe removal of tortoises from the Rock Springs Ridge site. D.R. Horton further demonstrated their commitment to rescuing the tortoises by donating the cost of the backhoe operations.

Since 2006, The HSUS has worked with developers and Nokuse Plantation to rescue and relocate more than 4,000 threatened gopher tortoises from construction sites with grandfathered Incidental Take permits. These rescues have been made possible through private donations and grants from The Folke H. Peterson Foundation. The HSUS helped fund the Rock Springs Ridge project and transported the tortoises more than 400 miles to Nokuse Plantation. Nokuse Plantation waived its normal management fees to help save the tortoises and will provide monitoring and permanent habitat protection for the animals.


  • The western gopher tortoise population, from the Tombigbee and Mobile Rivers in Alabama to southeastern Louisiana, has been listed as a federally threatened species since 1987. The state of Florida listed the gopher tortoise as a threatened species in November 2007.
  • In June 2007, The Florida Fish and Wildlife Commission adopted a proposal to end the controversial gopher tortoise Incidental Take permit program, resulting in gopher tortoises being buried alive routinely on development sites. Existing permit holders were grandfathered in and may be transferred with property sales.
  • Many development projects were put on hold due to the slump in the housing market. As a result, thousands of gopher tortoises are still living on construction sites that hold grandfathered permits allowing the tortoises to be killed.

Developers who wish to collaborate with The HSUS to relocate tortoises are encouraged to contact The HSUS’s Eastern Regional Office at 850-386-3435 or The HSUS’s Wildlife Innovations and Response Team at 202-452-1100.

The HSUS Media Contact: Samantha Miller, 301-258-1417; smiller@humanesociety.org

About Bio-Tech Consulting Inc.

Established in 2003, Bio-Tech Consulting is a full-service environmental consulting firm headquartered in Orlando, Fla. with offices across the state. Bio-Tech Consulting services include permitting, environmental assessments, wetlands mitigation, monitoring, wildlife sciences, erosion and sediment control, pond management, lake management, and landscaping services. Projects range from single-family residences to master-planned communities to governmental facilities. With the expertise, equipment and commitment, Bio-Tech Consulting guides its clients through increasingly complex and rapidly changing permitting and compliance processes on local, state and federal levels. For more information visit www.bio-techconsulting.com.